Immigration & Diversity news headlines – April 13, 2012


When it comes to immigration, Tories love Big Government (Tasha Kheiriddin, National Post)
Decentralize where necessary, but don’t necessarily decentralize. That appears to be the motto of the federal government, in light of its decision to stop sending $136 million a year to British Columbia and Manitoba to manage provincial immigration settlement programs. According to a government source cited by Postmedia News, “We’re ending it (Thursday) because we think that the integration services are about nation-building and we want to make sure that every region gets its fair share of funding and that immigrants across the country get consistent services regardless of where they live.” Nation-building through government programs? Consistent services through centralized delivery? Aren’t those, uh, Liberal principles? Aren’t the Conservatives supposed to be about decentralization, local-knows-best, respecting the BNA act, and not treading on provincial jurisdiction?

Why some immigrants leave Canada (Baisakhi Roy, Canadian Immigrant)
It is a perennial dilemma for newcomers. Should you stay on in Canada, a place where you’ve come after much struggle for a better life but find disappointing, or should you go back to your country of birth to be a dutiful son or daughter, or even just because, as it turns out, there are better job prospects outside Canada? Canadian Immigrant spoke to new and old immigrants, some who feel let down by the system here and are leaving to explore better options and some who acknowledge that there is no other country like this one and will come back one day.

Labour groups welcome changes to immigration rules for skilled workers (Globe and Mail)
Canadian construction groups are welcoming changes to the immigration system to make it easier for businesses to hire urgently needed skilled trades workers. A new stream for skilled workers in fields such as construction and manufacturing should be set up later this year, Immigration Minister Jason Kenney said earlier this week.

Business groups like federal immigration changes (Will Chabun, Leader-Post)
The federal government’s recent decision to shake up the immigration system by more closely matching supply with the need for workers is getting good reviews from spokesmen for Saskatchewan’s labour-hungry business community. Their delight, though, is tempered by sympathy for prospective immigrants who’ve been waiting for admission to Canada – for years, in some cases – only to learn that Canada will, in essence, tear up the waiting list and start over.

Changes to immigration system applauded by industry (Richard Gilbert, Journal of Commerce)
The Canadian construction industry is applauding a new federal government plan to help fill growing labour shortages by changing the immigration system to make it easier for skilled tradespersons to immigrate to the country. “It sounds like great news and we have been very happy with the statements Minister Kenney has made recently about immigration policy, including statements in the federal budget,” said Michael Atkinson, president of the Canadian Construction Association (CCA).–changes-to-immigration-system-applauded-by-industry

Immigration is a hot-topic item (Ben Proulx, Sherwood Park News)
The local MP is a former member of the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration Services, and said that, although immigrants will now have to restart the application process, it was a step that needed to be taken. “Canada’s immigration system needs to be faster, more responsible and more effective,” Uppal said. “It must respond to Canada’s labour needs.” He said that, in his opinion, the previous system did not do that and was not inclusive of all the necessary information required to properly suit both immigrants and Canada’s needs.

Canada looks to speed entry of skilled foreign workers (Reuters Canada)
The Canadian government said on Tuesday it will ease immigration rules for skilled workers as it looks to alleviate labor shortages in the oil, mining and construction industries. Immigration Minister Jason Kenney said the government will modify its Federal Skilled Worker Program, which has been skewed towards professionals, to try to attract trades people and other skilled workers that are in short supply in Canada during the current commodities boom.

Citizenship, research centres cut by Ottawa (Cindy E. Harnett, Times Colonist)
The federal government’s centre for plant health in Saanichton and two citizenship offices in Victoria and Nanaimo will soon be axed – laying off up to two dozen workers – as part of Ottawa’s plan to slash billions in spending. As regional Citizenship and Immigration Canada offices are closed across the country, nine jobs will be lost in Victoria and two in Nanaimo, the government confirmed Thursday. Those employees were notified Thursday. The department says it will maintain at least one office in each province.

Immigration office cut (Mike Whitehouse, The Sudbury Star)
The federal government is eliminating as many as 20 jobs in Greater Sudbury as a result of program changes and belt tightening stemming from the recent budget. Jobs will be lost in Industry Canada’s FedNor office and the Canadian Immigration Services office will close altogether, officials say. And more may be coming, Sudbury MP Glenn Thibeault warns. Closing the five-person immigration office, with which he regularly works closely, will be felt acutely in the community, Thibeault warns.

Federal cuts closing Sudbury immigration office (Northern Life)
Staff at the Citizen and Immigration Canada (CIC) office staff in Sudbury will soon be out of work. NDP MP Glenn Thibeault confirmed today that the Sudbury office, and, in fact, all federal immigration offices in northern Ontario, are to be closed. Thibeault found out about the job cuts at CIC when one of the employees walked down to the MP’s Rainbow Centre office to show the politician his pink slip. Calling the move “ridiculous,” Thibeault said he’ll fight the cuts “tooth and nail” in parliament, but the decision has already been made.

Manitoba angry about federal immigration changes (CBC)
Federal changes to immigration services will have a major impact in Manitoba and Premier Greg Selinger is fuming. As part of the wave of budget cuts happening across the province, the federal Citizenship and Immigration Department office in Winnipeg will be relocated to Calgary. Ottawa is also cancelling its shared settlement services agreement with the province, according to Selinger.

Agencies fearful of feds’ takeover (Carol Sanders, Winnipeg Free Press)
Non-profit agencies helping newcomers settle in Manitoba are wondering how the federal government plans to take over settlement services. “There was no indication this is what they were thinking of doing,” Wanda Yamamoto, executive director of Manitoba’s largest refugee-settlement agency, said.

Local immigration office staying (Winnipeg Free Press)
The Citizenship and Immigration Canada office in Winnipeg, which processes applications for immigration and visitor’s visas is not closing, the federal government clarified Thursday. Confusion reigned this week when the Public Service Alliance of Canada was told CIC offices in Winnipeg, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Regina and Lethbridge were all closing and being amalgamated into one office in Calgary.

Immigration whammy is not the first (R. Reis Pagtakhan, Winnipeg Free Press)
The announcement Wednesday that the federal government will be cancelling its settlement agreement with Manitoba is a big whammy that comes on the heels of other changes that, over the years, have moved immigration decision-making and services from Manitoba to Calgary, Vancouver and Ottawa. While this move does not necessarily mean that the immigration system will be less responsive to the needs of Manitoba, it raises the potential that Manitoba’s needs might be overlooked. The decision to cancel the settlement agreement with Manitoba is distressing. While this does not necessarily mean that settlement agencies will see a decrease in funding, this agreement was signed in 2003 because it recognized that the Manitoba government could better assess needs of immigrants to this province.

Language tests for immigrant workers (Jason Warick, The StarPhoenix With Postmedia News Files)
Thousands of new immigrant workers will require basic language skills, federal Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister Jason Kenny has announced. Speaking at a news conference Wednesday at Morris Industries Ltd., Kenny said low-and medium-skilled workers applying to the provincial immigration nominee program will undergo mandatory English or French language testing. The cost of the tests will be paid by the applicant or his or her prospective employer. The changes take effect July 1 and will not affect workers already approved before then.

Government of Canada to Strengthen Responsibility for Integration of Newcomers (Marketwire)
The Government of Canada is moving to strengthen national responsibility for the delivery of settlement services across Canada, Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister Jason Kenney announced today. This change means that the Government of Canada is resuming the management of federally funded settlement programs in British Columbia and Manitoba, bringing these programs in line with every other province and territory outside Quebec. “Our government is not only committed to ensuring that each region of Canada receives a fair share of funding, but also that immigrants have access to a more consistent level of services regardless of where they choose to settle in Canada,” said Minister Kenney.

Muslim Woman’s Bra Photo Sparks Controversy (Huffington Post)
An art student who wears Muslim headdress is defending her right to freedom of expression after a photo she snapped was removed from public display at a British Columbia university. The large black and white print depicts a woman in full Islamic scarf and cloak holding a flower-embossed bra while folding laundry.

Canada: Islamic outrage over photo of Muslim woman holding a bra (Timothy Whiteman,
Fine Arts major, Sooraya Graham of Thompson Rivers University in Kamloops, British Columbia, has found her class project to be at the center of a political correctness firestorm. As reported by The Vancouver Sun, Graham’s photography class project once adorned the corridors of the university’s Art Department.

Kamloops student’s artwork sparks controversy over portrayal of Muslim dress (Denise Ryan, Vancouver Sun)
Muslim-Canadian Sooraya Graham, a fine arts student at Thompson Rivers University in Kamloops, didn’t expect to find herself in the middle of a virtual hostage-taking when her project for a photography class was hung in the hallways of the university’s art department. Her photo, a mural print of a woman wearing full Islamic dress and holding a bra in her hands while folding laundry, was ripped off the wall by an outraged university staffer. Graham made the discovery last Friday after overhearing some students discussing the removal of “an offensive poster.”

Little Mosque on the Prairie: Revolution of the “Ethnic Character” in Television (Ada Lee, Schema Magazine)
Critically-acclaimed Canadian show Little Mosque on the Prairie came to an end on April 2nd, 2012, after 5 solid years of airing. I’m sure the show needs no introduction—t’s the only one I can name other than The Quon Dynasty and the YTV show How to Be Indie that has a storyline about ethnic minority lives. It may be the only sitcom that has portrayed the Muslim community in Western society. The comedy sitcom aired its first episode back in January 2007 on CBC. Not only did it became wildly popular (attracting a whopping 2 million viewers, one of the strongest ratings ever for a CBC show), it also boasted a long record of 6 whole seasons and 91 episodes. That’s longer than the short-lived All-American Girl by Margaret Cho, and it definitely outlived the recently canceled All-American Muslim.

TOK 7 Book Launch (Diaspora Dialogues)
TOK: Writing the New Toronto, Book 7 is set to launch on Wednesday, May 9. The successful anthology series features new fiction, drama and poetry from the brightest Canadian writers, as well as the most promising new voices. Each book contains a collection of stories and poetry that reflects the complexity of the city we inhabit seen through the unique eyes of its storyteller. The seventh edition of TOK presents a new set of narratives connecting readers to the locations and experiences created by the writer.

There’s a spicey new edge to immigrants’ politics (Rondi Adamson, Toronto Star)
I’ll admit my bias upfront: I eat at Maroli, a restaurant in the Annex, fairly frequently. I’m a vegetarian and consider their channa masala sheer heaven. And for those nights when you’ve got a yen for a noxious substance but are feeling too lazy to walk, they deliver. Apparently, “noxious substance” is a euphemism for masala spices. Maroli’s owner, Naveen Polapady, was charged with administering a noxious substance after he tried to fend off an alleged thief behind his restaurant last August by throwing masala powder in his face. I think Polapady has a human rights complaint here; surely calling Indian spices “noxious” constitutes cultural insensitivity.–there-s-a-spicey-new-edge-to-immigrants-politics

Fraser Institute school rankings may not mean what you think for Scarborough high schools (Becky Robertson, Toronto Observer)
“It’s a real issue as far as I’m concerned, because EQAO testing is not a real judgment of whether the kids are achieving the provincial standards,” says Jerry Chadwick, the school trustee for Ward 22 Scarborough East. He suggests that the Institute take into account things like graduation rates and factors that are school-specific, like the prevalence of ESL or special needs students. Michael Thomas from the Fraser Institute says that data isn’t available for the Ontario rankings. “In other provinces we have more information,” he says. “In B.C. and Alberta, for example, we have other important indicators such as graduation rate [and] credit completion rate.”

Police-reported hate crimes down in 2010:StatsCan (Gemma Karstens-Smith, Postmedia News)
Canadians reported fewer hate crimes to police in 2010, Statistics Canada reported Thursday. But while the number of reported hate crimes appears to be down, some of the the report’s findings still concern activists and academics. In 2010, police reported 1,401 crimes which they described as motivated by hate toward an identifiable group, such as race or sexual orientation. That number represented an 18 per cent decrease from 2009 and followed two years of increases.

Report: Police-reported hate crimes, 2010 (Statistics Canada):

‘Monsieur Lazhar’ Tackles Immigration in Imaginative Canadian Film (Stephen Farber, The Daily Beast)
One of the strongest of all these films is Monsieur Lazhar, one of the five nominees for best foreign language film of 2011. When people think of countries where immigration is a controversial issue, they might easily identify France or Germany or England in addition to the United States. But they probably wouldn’t think of problems arising in Canada. Yet it’s revealing that the last two Canadian films nominated for Oscars—Monsieur Lazhar and Incendies—both dealt in part with the trauma surrounding immigration.

Myopic government ignores Charter anniversary (Irwin Cotler, Toronto Star)
On April 17, Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms will celebrate its 30th birthday. This momentous occasion deserves commemoration and observance, as we mark one of the most important advances in the promotion and protection of human rights both domestically and abroad. Indeed, Canadians now enjoy a panoply of rights and remedies that we almost inconceivable prior to the Charter, and which has had a transformative impact not only on our laws, but on our lives, not only on how we litigate, but on how we live. Regrettably, the 30th anniversary of any of the events in the landmark process to enshrining Charter rights has gone without any remark or notice from the government. Indeed, with just a few days until the Charter’s birthday we have yet to hear of any plans for official commemoration from the government. This, unsurprisingly, continues a disturbing trend of the government marginalizing the Charter, as it did most notably on its 25th anniversary. As a 2007 article in The Lawyer’s Weekly noted, “Stephen Harper, a prominent Charter skeptic, and his justice minister, Rob Nicholson, were conspicuously absent from the commemorative festivities.”–myopic-government-ignores-charter-anniversary

Immigration officials review admissibility criteria (Daniel Proussalidis, Toronto Sun)
Citizenship and Immigration Canada is keeping an eye on prospective immigrants who have a record of doing things that are legal in their home countries, but not in Canada. Officials say the federal government is reviewing its immigration policy by asking officers posted abroad to collect information about applicants’ actions in their homeland.

Migrating Landscapes: Cultural memories come packed with the moving boxes (Karen Hawthorne, National Post)
Migrating Landscapes, a forum to examine how Canadians express diverse cultural memories in the way they live and build, sparks a relevant dialogue for new housing and community developments. Canada welcomes thousands of immigrants each year and industry, across all sectors, has taken note. The project is the basis for a national competition that will see Team Canada land in Venice this summer for the “Olympics of architecture” — the Venice Architecture Biennale — in late August to November. Eighteen winners were selected out of 26 finalists, all emerging young architects and designers, from across Canada. Regional finalists were chosen following a series of exhibitions across the country which closes with a national exhibition at the Winnipeg Art Gallery running through to April 29

Research-Based Advice on Teaching Children Not to Be Racist (Hans Villarice, The Atlantic)
Even before that John Derbyshire debacle, it’s no secret that talking to your children about race isn’t easy. “Broaching that topic often feels inappropriate, irrelevant, or just plain uncomfortable,” says University of Toronto professor Sonia Kang. “Just ask any parent who has had the unnerving experience of witnessing their child publicly point out a stranger’s race.” This week on Professional Help, Kang collaborates with MIT organization studies professor Evan Apfelbaum and scours decades of data about how children learn about race and diversity to come up with five practicable tips for parents hoping to raise less prejudiced children. Apparently, having “the talk” barely scratches the surface.

Righting Canada’s Wrongs: Japanese Canadian Internment in the Second World War (Pamela Hickman and Masako Fukawa)
It may shock some young readers (and even some adults) to discover that Canada’s history includes a period during which the government branded thousands of citizens “enemy aliens” and sent them to internment camps. The greatest number of innocent detainees were Japanese Canadians, approximately 22,000 of whom (many of them women and children) were forced from their homes between 1942 and 1949. Two new books explore this dark chapter, one a non-fiction account and the other a fictional diary.

Do migrants really foster trade ? the trade-migration nexus, a panel approach 1960-2000 (World Bank)
Despite the burgeoning empirical literature providing evidence of a strong and robust positive correlation between trade and migration, doubts persist as to unobserved factors which may be driving this relationship. This paper re-examines the trade-migration nexus using a panel spanning several decades, which comprises the majority of world trade and migration in every decade. First the findings common to the literature are reproduced. Country-pair fixed effects are then used to account for unobserved bilateral factors, the implementation of which removes all of the positive impact of migration on trade. In other words the unobserved factors, a leading candidate for which it is argued is international bilateral ties, are on average strongly and positively correlated with migrant networks. Dividing the world into the relatively affluent North and poorer South, the results show that migrants from either region only affect Northern exports to the South. This is intuitive since in general countries of the North export more differentiated products and information barriers between these regions are greatest. A country-level analysis further shows that migrants may both create and divert trade. Taken as a whole, the results demonstrate the large biases inherent in cross-sectional studies investigating the trade-migration nexus and highlight the extent to which previous results have been overstated.

April 17-18: Checking Our Constitution: The Influence of the Canadian Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms on Legislation, Identities and Federalism, April 17-18, 2012, Ottawa, Ontario (Association for Canadian Studies)
April 17th, 2012 will mark the 30th anniversary of the patriation of the Canadian Constitution and the creation of a Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Constitution and Charter have had a profound impact on our law and public policy. Many Canadians view the Constitution and the Charter of Rights as shaping important aspects of our collective identity and defining a set of shared values. For the most part, Canadians hold a favorable opinion of the Constitution and Charter. Yet many see these defining documents as divisive. To mark this important anniversary the Association for Canadian Studies will hold a major conference entitled, ?Checking Our Constitution: The Influence of the Canadian Constitution and the Charter of Rights on Legislation, Identity and Federalism? to take place on April 17-18th, 2012 at the University of Ottawa.

Comments On Proposed Conditional Permanent Residence (CPR) (OCASI)
OCASI had encouraged withdrawal of the proposal when it was first introduced by Notice in Canada Gazette Part I, Vol. 145, No. 13 on 26 March 2011, and expressed concern that the conditional measure could increase the vulnerability of sponsored spouses and partners to domestic violence. The new Gazette Notice of March 10, 2012 acknowledges that similar concerns were expressed in the responses to the previous notice. CIC proposes to address these concerns by exempting sponsored spouses from the conditional measure where there is evidence of abuse or neglect by the sponsor, or a failure by the sponsor to protect from abuse or neglect. CIC proposes also to develop guidelines to assist officers in the processing of such cases.


Bill C-31 Must Be Withdrawn (OCASI)
The government has introduced Bill C-31 as a way to reform Canada’s refugee determination system. The Bill as written will not protect refugees, but will punish them instead. OCASI calls on the government to withdraw Bill C-31, and bring forward legislation which is fair, timely, affordable, and independent of political considerations, and which complies with the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Canada’s international obligations.

Deported Mexican woman set to return to Montreal (Rene Bruemmer, Postmedia News)
Paolo Ortiz, a refugee claimant who was deported last September despite the fact she was testified she was at risk of being abused by her police officer husband in Mexico, has been granted permanent resident status and is coming back to Montreal. Ortiz is scheduled to return Friday morning at 7:40 a.m. at Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport on a flight from Mexico. Her friends, family and members of the immigration activist group Solidarity Without Borders will be there to greet her.


Working Poor: The Hidden Face of Poverty (Vibrant Communities)
In this podcast John Stapleton explores what the report; The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: Who they are, where they live, and how trends are changing, means for the growing income gap in Canada and how it affects the day to day lives of people experiencing poverty.

OCASI Comments on Drummond Report (OCASI)
The Report contains 362 recommendations on reforming Ontario’s public services in order to balance the books by 2018. Please see below for OCASI comments on immigrant-focused recommendations.


Standing up to Wage Theft – Workers confront temp agency paying $9.00 per hour (Workers’ Action Centre)
Today, a group of workers visited a temp agency that paid them less than minimum wage for over a year. When workers’ spoke out about this violation they lost their job. With the support of the Workers’ Action Centre, these workers returned to demand their unpaid wages. Workers are waiting to see if the temp agency fulfills its promise to pay by Monday. “We are not going to give up” said Aliza, one of the workers owed wages. “We are standing up for our rights, because If they did this to us, for sure they could do it to other workers.”

Diversity important throughout the supply chain (Carolyn Gruske, Canadian Manufacturing)
Opportunities can be gained by working with minority-owned suppliers and there are disadvantages in not doing so. That was the message delivered at the 2012 Diversity Procurement Fair. The event, run by the Canadian Aboriginal and Minority Supplier Council (CAMSC), offered executives of minority owned suppliers—those owned or run by Aboriginals, visible minorities or women—a chance to network one-on-one with both potential customers and other suppliers. It also presented panel discussions on a wide range of supply chain and procurement topics, along with a keynote from Kevin Williams, president of General Motors Canada.

Grab work opportunities in Canada, Pinoys urged (Aileen Garcia–Yap, Cebu Daily News)
Filipinos are encouraged to take advantage of work opportunities in Canada, which urgently needs medical professionals and skilled workers. Pinoy Care Visa Center Chief Executive Officer Presca Nina Mabatid gave this advice in an interviewlast Tuesday. Mabatid said medical professionals in demand include doctors, opthalmologists, dentists, physiotherapists, pharmacists, radiologists, biologists, registered nurses. “Chef, plumber, architects, electrician, psychologists, social workers, industrial electrician, guidance counselors, engineers, mechanics, welders, food services, hotel managers are also in demand,” said Mabatid. Dr. Ellen Burill, an authorized immigration consultant of Canada, said that there a lot of opportunities for Filipinos in Canada which she described as an ideal place for families.

IEC-BC to release report based on BC employer consultation (IEC-BC)
From December 2011 to February of this year, IEC-BC met with employers across the province to listen to their needs and solutions regarding hiring and retaining skilled immigrants in their workforces. Over 150 employers participated in 15 focus groups held in 7 communities, covering 8 key industry sectors. The consultation yielded important insight into the current labour market needs of BC employers, in the context of a growing skills and labour shortage. The findings will be published in the form of a report, inclusive of recommendations for action, which will be released at an upcoming summit, in the Fall of 2012.

Real Stories: IEC-BC’s Mentoring Program In Action (IEC-BC)
It’s a familiar story. Skilled immigrants entering the province struggle in the labour market and are often under-employed despite a growing skills and labour shortage in BC. But with help from her new mentor, Kassie’s confidence has been restored.

RISE 2012 Employer Awards (Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers)
Do you know: A company that is leveraging the talent of Internationally Trained Professionals? An employer that is committed to better including Internationally Trained Professionals in the workplace? An individual who demonstrates leadership in integrating Internationally Trained Professionals in the workplace? Tell us about these individuals, companies and practices by filling out a short nomination form online. The RISE Employer Awards welcome self-nominations or nominations from third parties. Deadline for nominations is April 20th.


CivicAction CEO Mitzie Hunter – Transforming obstacles to opportunity (Tina Edan, DiverseCity Toronto)
From Jamaica to Durham to Scarborough, Mitzie Hunter’s journey has held many experiences that have shaped her into the thoughtfully optimistic leader she is today.

Friday’s Headlines (Spacing Toronto)
A daily round up of mainstream media news on City Hall and Other News.

Toronto the Good, the Bad and the Ugly (blogTO)
Diaspora Dialogues returns this April to Keep Toronto Reading’s stellar lineup. DD in partnership with Toronto Public Library present Toronto the Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Join us for a series of free readings and performances that reveal the different sides of this dynamic city the last three Fridays in April.

Looking for the Nenshi effect on Alberta’s campaign trail (Josh Wingrove, Globe and Mail)
Mr. Nenshi has long been an advocate for an overhaul of Canada’s taxation system, which sees cities burdened with providing many of the day-to-day services in a community but given little taxation and revenue power to pull it off. In one figure he cites often, the City of Calgary gets 8 cents of every dollar Calgarians pay in taxes – the rest goes to the federal and provincial government. He wants a new deal, and is leveraging the election to get answers from the province’s would-be MLAs. “It may seem a bit weird to have the mayor of a city talking about a provincial election, but this election is absolutely crucial,” Mr. Nenshi says in a video on, a website his office launched where he has listed 10 questions and posted the responses of Alberta’s five political parties. “Too often, we have a provincial government that doesn’t recognize the importance of cities. For Alberta to be successful, for Canada to be successful, we need strong cities.”


April 2012 E-newsletter (Philanthropic Foundations Canada)
Letter from the President
Grantmakers Roundup
GEO Conference Feature
Interesting Reading
PFC Family News and Events
Other News and Events

Ontario to benefit from redrawing of Canada’s riding map (Robert Sibley, Ottawa Citizen)
With the federal Electoral Boundaries Commission set to redraw Canada’s riding map, Ontarians can expect to send another 15 politicians – including at least one more from Ottawa – to the Hill come the next general election. The commission announced recently that 10 independent commissions – one for each province – have been created to review Canada’s federal electoral districts. As Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon constitute one electoral district each, they don’t require these commissions.

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Communications in social services/social change, immigration, diversity & inclusion in Toronto. Wannabe librarian, interested in nonprofit tech innovation.

Communications in social services/social change, immigration, diversity & inclusion in Toronto. Wannabe librarian, interested in nonprofit tech innovation.

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